Bactrian Camel -- Camel Bactrianus
Range: Desert and steppes in the Gobi desert.
Habitat: Arid desert and steppes
Conservation status: Critically endangered; 950 left in the wild in the deserts of northern Asia (2002 estimate). Domesticated since 2500 BC. Approx. 1.4 million domesticated camels alive today.
• In the wild, live in groups of up to 30 females and young, led by an adult male
• When rival males meet, they display by urinating, defecating, tail slapping, and spreading of hind legs – followed by combat, if necessary.
• Eat almost any type of vegetation: leaves, grasses, shrubs
Dromedary Camel -- Camelus dromedarius
Range: The domesticated form occurs widely in North Africa and the middle east. Original range is not certain. A feral population in Australia is the world’s only wild population of dromedaries.
Conservation status: Domesticated; current estimates: 13 million domesticated dromedaries, mostly in western India, Pakistan, Iran, and northern Africa
• To attract females during the mating season, males inflate a soft palate to produce a deep pink sack, often mistaken for a tongue, that hangs out the sides of the mouth
• Diet consists of desert plants with high water content.
• Dromedaries can last 4 times as long as a donkey and l0 times as long as a human in the desert.
• Can go without water for l7 days.