Llama glama

Range: Andean regions of South America

Habitat: Mountain slopes and meadows

Conservation status: Domesticated


  • • Class: Mammalia; Order: Artiodactyla; Family: Camelidae
    • Llamas travel in herds of 100.
    • They readily take to water.
    • A disturbed llama or alpaca will spit the contents of his stomach with unpleasant accuracy, as will all members of the Camel family.
    • Llamas and alpacas lift both feet simultaneously on one side, then on the other when running.
    • Every part of the animal is used by humans -- even its excrement, which is used as fuel high in the Andes where wood is unobtainable.
    • Diet consists of grasses from mountain slopes and meadows.
    • The llama is apparently the only beast of burden domesticated by the native peoples of the New World. At the time of the Spanish Conquest, 300,000 llamas were being used by the Incas at their silver mines.

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