Chrysocyon brachyurus

Range: Central and eastern Brazil, eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina.

Habitat: Semi-open habitats, esp. grasslands with scattered bushes and trees.

Conservation status: Near threatened.

Maned Wolf

  • • Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae
    • A South American wild dog, not a wolf or a fox.
    • Has a reddish-brown shaggy coat, and long black legs that help it see above tall grass.
    • Has a mane along the neck and middle of the back that it can raise.
    • It has an elongated skull and large ears.
    • Maned wolves are mainly active during evenings and nights.
    • The animal doesn't run after prey, instead creeps up and pounces on it.
    • Diet: Omnivorous - rodents, other small mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, and fruits and other vegetation.
    • The Maned Wolf participates in symbiotic relationships with the plants that it feeds on, as it carries the seeds of various plants, and often defecates on the nests of leafcutter ants. The ants then use the dung to fertilize their fungus gardens, and later discard the seeds onto refuse piles just outside their nest. This process significantly increases the germination rate of the seeds.[
    • Solitary, except during mating season. The female bears a litter of 2-4 babies after pregnancy of about two months, then weans them by about 15 weeks.
    • Burning of grasslands and being hunted down for allegedly killing livestock have decreased its numbers.

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