Muntiacus muntjak reevesi

Range: Taiwan, China, and Japan. Introduced into England and the Netherlands, and are now common there.

Habitat: Tropical regions; forested, hilly areas from sea level to medium elevations

Conservation status: Least concern. Protected in Hong Kong. Illegal as a pet in Colorado.


  • • Small members of the deer family,
    • Takes its name from John Reeves, who was Assistant Inspector of Tea for the British East India Co.
    • Sometimes called Barking deer.
    • Male muntjacs have small antlers arising from hairy bases (pedicels) that continue onto the face, often forming a “V.” Females have no antlers and the pedicels are merely bony hairy knobs.
    • Males fight for territory by pushing enemies off-balance with their antlers, then attacking with their tusks, which are downward pointing canine teeth.
    • Usually solitary animals.
    • In the wild, they are both nocturnal (active at night) and diurnal (active during day).
    • Make deep, barking sounds when being chased by a predator or in response to a predator far enough away not to be a real threat. This serves as a warning to other potential prey animals in the vicinity.
    • Diet: herbs, blossoms, succulent shoots, grasses, nuts.
    • When threatened, a muntjac stomps it front hoofs on the ground and moves back ready to defend itself.
    • Predators: tigers, leopards, eagles, hyenas.
    • No seasonal rut; can breed at any time of year. Females are sexually mature at 1 year. Gestation period is 200 - 220 days. Newborn young are hidden in dense jungle undergrowth.
    • Longevity: It has been reported that one animal in captivity lived 17 years.

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